Japan Travel Tips For When You Don’t Speak Japanese



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Japanese as a language contains a lot of what you might politely refer to as unnecessary or extraneous language, phrases and words.

Why use only a few words when a number of paragraphs can say the same thing in four times the amount of time. 😉

In some languages it might be hazardous to simply nod and say yes to someone speaking to you in their native tongue. Who knows what you might be agreeing to?

But, in Japanese, you can kind of get away with that. Sometimes. 

Let me explain...

Not Speaking Japanese While Travelling in Japan Rob Dyer

Useful Travel Tips on Japanese Language and Culture
by Rob Dyer

Cultivating a knack for reading situations

Cultivating a knack for reading situations and then applying what you learn is something most people are capable of. Paying attention to non-language cues such as tone of voice, facial expressions and body language can all help ease your communication during your travels.

Japanese has different levels of politeness depending on the situation or those involved. 

not speaking Japanese Himukai Daijingu Shrine Uji Rob Dyer The Real Japan

For example, when speaking Japanese you would speak differently when talking with your boss than you would when talking with friends privately. It’s not just that you wouldn’t say some things to your boss that you would your friends, but even simple things like saying good morning, or asking for something, or thanking the person you are talking with can use entirely different phrases and/or more elaborate versions of the same words. 

Essentially you would use a more deferential style of language when speaking to your boss when compared with that used with your friends. 

VIDEO: Top 7 Etiquette Tips For Travel in Japan

Being the gaikokujin - 'outside country person'

On your travels you’re likely to be identified as the gaikokujin or ‘gaijin’. Literally, gaikokujin means ‘outside country person’. So, from the moment you step foot in Japan you are marked out as different from the Japanese themselves.

not speaking Japanese Himeji Castle samurai Rob Dyer The Real Japan

It may not always be possible to blend in with the locals, but you can still have fun along the way

Whilst this might have negative connotations, in the context of being a foreigner traveller in Japan, this actually plays to your advantage. The Japanese fully understand that most foreigners visiting their country will not speak the language.  As a tourist, you’ll be (and be seen as) the ‘fish out of water’, and that will automatically cut you some slack. 

In Japan the customer is God

Then there’s the Japanese cultural phenomenon of considering the customer as something very special indeed. In Japan there is a phrase “Okyakusama wa kamisama desu” that loosely translates as “the customer is God”.  Whilst I think elevating a consumer to the level of a 'God' is a tad excessive, it does help demonstrate why Japan is one of the top countries in the world when it comes to delivering outstanding customer service and experience.

And this philosophy will apply across the board, whether you're buying train tickets, choosing a souvenir in a department store, or staying as a guest at a ryokan (a traditional Japanese inn).

not speaking Japanese shopping The Real Japan

Shopkeepers will do all they can to help you make a purchase

When you can, and when you can't 'wing it'

So you’ll often hear very polite versions of common situational phrases that will be more elaborate which (in their essence) are simple requests or instructions. In these situations you can get by by knowing only a handful of key words that are situation relevant and often you can ‘wing it’.

Would I suggest you do this during a hospital appointment? No. But can you do this when shopping or buying tickets for travel or an attraction? Sure you can. Long time The Real Japan follower Mats Franzen struggles to learn Japanese but hasn't let that stop him visiting seventeen times so far. He shared some valuable reflections on his 17th trip to Japan in this post.

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Etiquette in Japan The Real Japan Rob Dyer

Struggling to learn Japanese? You're not alone

For many years I’ve had an undiagnosed brain condition. I’ve had numerous tests and scans both in England and in Japan, and while it is observable, it remains unsolved.

Day to day, it primarily manifests itself as a human version of the ‘goldfish’ memory problem. Meaning, I still have vivid memories from my childhood or many decades ago, but things I did in the last few days, hours, minutes or even seconds can be frustratingly elusive. 

not speaking Japanese books The Real Japan

My limited Japanese isn't through want of trying

This makes learning a new language (indeed any new learning) something of an unending, and repetitive, process. New learning goes into my head, but storing it there can be infuriatingly difficult. Knowledge seeps out from the brain cells like some reverse intellectual osmosis.

I figure that’s the main reason I’ve been unable to learn much Japanese (or any other non-native language) despite first starting to back in 1992.

How To Travel In Japan Without Speaking Japanese eBook Rob Dyer

It also leads to me often losing my train of thought mid-conversation (or mid-thought). Even if it is on a topic I’m passionate and knowledgeable about. Which is why I find livestreams and live interviews a challenge. Making notes on my phone, or writing ideas on a Post-it note next to my bed at night are an absolute lifeline that helps me keep my sanity.

Travelling engages all the senses

I’m also an experiential learner. The more senses I can engage in any experience the more of it I retain. Which is part of the reason I like to travel so much.

It constantly engages all of the senses, meaning one gets immersed in previously unencountered situations and adventures. 

not speaking Japanese Kumano Kodo Rob Dyer The Real Japan

Days spent hiking in the mountains, like here on the Kumano Kodo trail, don't require much Japanese

When I look at photographs of past travels it triggers my other senses. I can recall how bitterly cold the wind felt that day, or just how comforting that steaming bowl of nabe was, or how all I could hear during a day walking alone in the mountains was the wind and birdsong. 

And days spent in nature rarely require much in the way of language skills either.

VIDEO: Interacting With Locals in Japan

One thing that I have discovered down the decades of my travels in Japan is that there’s definitely something to be said for not being able to engage in everyday conversation with the locals. Of course, it’s not ideal, and I’m not suggesting that you aim not to learn as much of the language as you are able to. Rather that there are regular ‘mini-adventures’ one can experience along the way that would not otherwise happen if you could speak or read Japanese.

not speaking Japanese Osaka Botejyu restaurant Rob Dyer The Real Japan

When you have a shared passion you can usually communicate the basics - Osaka Botejyu okonomiyaki restaurant in Osaka

It’s not just me that thinks this either. Others regularly tell me how they stumbled across a dish they had no sure idea of what it was when ordering it. And that introduced them to something new that they really liked. 

It can actually work as a stimulant, encouraging you to constantly try new things. And more is new to you when you don't read or speak the language.

Conclusion - your enthusiasm alone can take you far

So, if you also struggle with learning Japanese, don’t let it get you down.

Just know that, as someone who is incredibly passionate about travelling Japan, as you wend your way through the country and encounter new experiences and helpful people, your enthusiasm for travel will go a long way. It can still convey to anyone whom you cannot speak with directly what it is you need in any particular moment.

If you'd like more tactics and resources for exploring Japan when you don't speak the language, I recommend taking a look at my book How To Travel In Japan Without Speaking Japanese.

What about you?

Do you have any experiences where not being able to speak Japanese led to a new discovery? A tasty new dish? A new friend who was a complete stranger? Where getting slightly lost revealed a wonderful new place? Share your stories by leaving a comment below.

Rob Dyer The Real Japan

About the Author

A writer and publisher from England, Rob has been exploring Japan’s 6,800 islands since 2000. He specialises in travelling off the beaten track, whether on remote atolls or in the hidden streets of major cities. He’s the founder of TheRealJapan.com.

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Not Speaking Japanese While Travelling in Japan Rob Dyer

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  • C Miyo Shklov says:

    In the 1960s, a non-Japanese speaking friend of my late mother in law got lost in Tokyo. A young Japanese man who spoke English helped back to her hotel and they kept in touch.

    When my husband spent a junior year abroad at Sophia University in 1970, she gave him her friend’s name. The two became good friends and visited each other many times over the past 53 years, most recently in March of this year after Japan opened up. Here’s their photo:

    • Thanks for sharing that story! That’s exactly the kind of friendships that can arise from these situations where you think (lack of) language will be a barrier, and it turns out to be the opposite. 🙂

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